What are terpenes?
All the smells, flavors, and colors in plants are derived from natural compounds found in terpenes. Natural food flavorings are terpenes. Many products include terpenes for their scent and properties, such as everyday fragrant health and beauty items. Terpenes not only provide amazing aromas but are also the main ingredients in essential oils derived from plants.
Terpenes are the distinctive aromatic compounds associated with each hemp strain’s taste. Understanding the terpenes in each strain will give you an appreciation of the aroma, taste, and effects of each flower.
Some of the most common cannabis terpenes are also found in flowers, pine needles, herbs, fruit and spices. And each of these terpenes produces their own unique effects.
Terpenes combined with other cannabinoids can boost the “Entourage Effect.”
When terpenes are combined with other cannabinoids, a greater effect is achieved than CBD alone can produce. Combining terpenes with other cannabinoids, such as CBD, may boost the cannabinoid effect. This is also known as the “entourage effect.” Terpenes have a distinctive effect on the endocannabinoid system by producing diverse sensations. For instance, some terpenes may create a feeling of calm while others may be stimulating.
Terpenes are also antioxidants.
Antioxidants can mitigate the harmful effects caused by toxic byproducts of oxygen metabolism that can lead to damaging consequences on our health. Cellular activities produce free radicals that can damage DNA. Terpenes are antioxidants that attract free radicals and counteract them before they can cause any harm.
Even though THC usually takes center stage, additional studies propose that the other compounds in cannabis have significant interactions with one another. Taking into account that 100+ cannabinoids are additionally terpenoid compounds, there is a truly remarkable synergy happening between all the cannabinoids, terpenes and our cell receptors.
Terpenes can help you choose the cbd flower strain that’s right for you.
For those new to smokable hemp, choosing a strain might pose a challenge. To help you decide which product is the right one for you, we suggest looking at each strain’s terpene profile.
Here’s a helpful list of the most common terpenes found in hemp. Along with the flavor, we’ve added the effects associated with each flower.
- Alpha-pinene: Notably evergreen or piney, this terpene is associated with cognitive and anti-oxidant benefits.
- Beta-caryophyllene: With cinnamon spice, peppery, and clove notes, this compound has calming and anti-inflammatory effects.
- Humulene: Also found in hops, this earthy terpene is thought to augment the anti-inflammatory effects of beta-caryophyllene.
- Eucalyptol: Predominant in eucalyptus trees, eucalyptol is known for its anti-bacterial and antioxidant properties.
- Limonene: With its bright and citrusy aroma, limonene can elevate the mood with its invigorating effects.
- Linalool: Lavender also contains linalool which is famous for its sweet floral scent and relaxing effects.
- Myrcene: This musky terpene is reminiscent of mangos and is recognized for its sedative properties.
- Terpinolene: An antioxidant and antibacterial also known for its calming effect, this terpene is both woodsy and smoky.